The INTERPOL Maritime Piracy Task Force focuses on three main areas to counter maritime piracy, working closely with the international community: improving evidence collection, facilitating data exchance, and building regional capabilities.
The Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS) is a regional group of fifteen countries, founded in 1975. Its mission is to promote economic integration in all fields of economic activity, particularly industry, transport, telecommunications, energy, agriculture, natural resources, commerce, monetary and financial questions, social and cultural matters.
Pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1851 (2008), the Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS) was established on January 14, 2009 to facilitate the discussion and coordination of actions among states and organizations to suppress piracy off the coast of Somalia. This international forum has brought together more than 60 countries and international organizations, all working towards the prevention of piracy off the Somali coast.
*Note: Upon invitation from CGPCS stakeholders, Cardiff University has taken over the CGPCS website and the CGPCS Archive. To ensure the website continues to be the premier source on counter-piracy, stakeholders are invited to submit relevant documents and news items for publication, as soon as they become available.
The United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA) was officially launched on 2 March 2011 in Libreville, Gabon. It is mandated to assist Member States and Sub-regional organizations in consolidating peace and preventing potential conflicts. Its establishment fulfills a long-expressed desire on the part of countries in the sub-region for the creation of such an office. This has been done through an exchange of letters completed in August 2010 between the United Nations Secretary-General and the Security Council. The United Nations General Assembly approved its budget in December 2010. The mandate of UNOCA, which was initially for two years (to be reviewed after 18 months), was renewed by the Security Council on 21 August 2012 until 28 February 2014.
UNOWA is entrusted with the overall mandate of enhancing the contributions of the UN towards the achievement of peace and security in West Africa. This includes governance, mainstreaming security sector reform into development strategies, defining an integrated sub regional approach to humanitarian, human rights and gender issues, curbing corruption, poverty alleviation, addressing youth unemployment as well as cross-border illicit trafficking and organized crime. These emerging destabilizing issues can be considered as new threats to security.
The primary mission of the Indian Ocean Commission, in regards to piracy, is to contribute to regional maritime security agenda (MASE) that it controls the startup project (start-up MASE), funded to the tune of 2 million euros by the European Union (EU). During its first year of operation, the PSU testified by his actions of its necessity and effectiveness.
The International Monitoring, Control and Surveillance Network aims to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of fisheries-related MCS activities through enhanced cooperation, coordination, information collection and exchange among national organizations/institutions responsible for fisheries-related MCS.
FAO is a specialized technical agency, working towards the alleviation of poverty and strengthening of livelihoods and food security. FAO implements interventions in partnership with governments, national and international NGOs as well as other UN agencies. Within the global FAO structure, FAO Somalia falls under the Emergency Operations and Rehabilitations Division. The FAO has developed a 5-Year Strategy and Plan of Action 2011-2015, with six components, including: increasing and stabilizing agricultural production and rural families’ incomes; improving profitable and sustainable utilization of livestock resources; sustainable fishing for increased incomes of fishing communities and fishermen; managing natural resources for recovery and sustainable use; supporting public/private partnerships and local institutions; and improving preparedness.
The European Union and its partners are promoting maritime safety and security in a number of regions through several policy instruments, the development and financing of various programmes and initiatives. At the moment these activities are mostly focused on eradicating piracy thus contributing to enhanced maritime security.